Diabetes Type 2
Symptoms & Diagnosis
Diabetes, a disease characterized by too much sugar in the bloodstream, affects an estimated 23 million people in the United States alone. Approximately 5 million of these people have not been properly diagnosed. More than 55 million people in the United States are estimated to have prediabetes, a condition in which glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Prediabetes, if not properly addressed, can result in type 2 diabetes.
There are two types of diabetes - type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is less common than type 2, but more serious. Type 1, also referred to as "insulin-dependent" or "juvenile" diabetes, is most often seen in children. The bodies of people with type 1 diabetes are either unable to produce insulin (the hormone that carries sugar from the bloodstream to the cells), or produce far too little. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day.
Type 2 diabetes affects up to 95 percent of diabetes sufferers. In type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin properly, which results in a build-up of sugar in the bloodstream. Often, healthy lifestyle choices, including exercise and a proper diet, can help address the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.